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National Seminar on Promoting Research on Forest and Land Fires Mitigation, Adaptation, and Impact to Human and Biodiversity, SEAMEO BIOTROP, 28 April 2015
SEAMEO BIOTROP, the Southeast Asian Regional Centre for Tropical Biology, a research center under the Southeast Asian Ministers of Education Organization held this Seminar at its campus in Bogor on April 28, 2015.
The Seminar aimed at sharing past and current research works towards analyzing the gaps and formulating future research directions for a more effective adaptation and mitigation of the impacts of forest and land fires to human and biodiversity.
Forty participants from academic institutions, government research agencies, and private companies who have either conducted researches on forest/land fires or are interested to venture on it soon gathered in this Seminar.
BIOTROP invited resource persons and moderators for the seminar who have significant knowledge and/or experiences on the topic of forest and land fires and its mitigation and adaptation of the impact to biodiversity and humans. They were as follows:
- Mr. Franky Zamzani, S.Hut. M.Env. from the Ministry of Environment and Forestry, Republic of Indonesia (MoEF)
- Dr. Lailan Syaufina from Faculty of Forestry, Bogor Agricultural University (IPB)
- Prof. Dr. Bambang H. Saharjo from Faculty of Forestry, Bogor Agricultural University (IPB)
- Prof. Richard Bradshaw from University of Liverpool, United Kingdom
- Dr. Gina Hannon from University of Liverpool, United Kingdom
- Dr. Scott Mooney from University of New South Wales, Australia
- Dr. Veiko Lehsten from University of Lund, Sweden
- Dr. Ellyn K. Damayanti from SEAMEO BIOTROP
Moderators during the Seminar were as follows:
- Dr. Meti Ekayani from Faculty of Economic and Management, Bogor Agricultural University (IPB)
- Prof. Dr. Lilik B. Prasetyo from Faculty of Forestry, Bogor Agricultural University (IPB)
- Dr. Jesus C. Fernandez from SEAMEO BIOTROP
The Seminar has reached its expected output as follow:
|Expected output||Output achieved|
|(1) Participants obtained information and knowledge on the aspects of fires, including the history of fire, the driver, pressure, and impacts to biodiversity and human, and response taken by stakeholders.||Session 1 (Global Land/Forest Fire Research) and Session 2 (The Status, Impact, and Mitigation of Forest & Land Fires in the Regional Context ) of the Seminar provided information and knowledge on the aspects of fires, including the history of fire, the driver, pressure, and impacts to biodiversity and human, and response taken by stakeholders. The two sessions covers the global (European and Australian), regional (Southeast Asian), and national (Indonesian) context of forest/land fire researches.|
|(2) Participants obtained information and knowledge on the aspects of biodiversity and human dimension in relation to fire.|
|(3) Research recommendations on integrated monitoring, reporting, and control of fires, biodiversity, and human for Indonesia and Southeast Asian region||Session 3 (Panel Discussion on Forest and Land Fire Research Gap & Analysis and Way Forward) provided interaction between the panelists and the participants. This Session resulted to two aspects: (1) research priorities and (2) way forward (see below)|
Research priorities could be identified are as follow:
- Forecasting and modeling on anthropogenic causes of forest/land fires involving 3 levels: big companies, medium sized- enterprises and small landholders
- Inventory of existing knowledge on forest research results and the real situations on the ground
- Identification of alternative land uses towards mitigating fire occurrences
- Focusing on specific sites in relation to cultural practices on land clearing using fire
- Enforcement of fire management policies/guidelines by the local government and with community involvement and other stakeholders
- Dissemination and application of fire research results, including monitoring of their application
- Policy research(e.g., incentives and sanctions)
- Early warning/prevention systems involving all relevant stakeholders
- Development of measurement standards (e.g., carbon emission, peatland definition, etc.)
- Evaluation of existing regulations and policies.
Other than the presentations by resource persons, there were eight (8) participants presenting their posters in this Seminar.
For materials presented and further information on this event, please fill out this form:
International Symposium Transition to Sustainable Forest Management and Rehabilitation: The Enabling Environment and Roadmap 21–23 October 2013 Beijing, China
Forests play a vital role in sustainable development, providing a range of economic, social and environmental benefits, including essential ecosystem services such as climate change mitigation and adaptation. The worsening global climate change and other environmental issues have been calling for better understanding and approaches to reduce deforestation, enhance forest rehabilitation and improve quality of forests. Since several decades and sometimes longer forests covers have increased in much of the industrialized world and also in a few developing countries with tropical forests. Both deforestation and the return of forest covers or forest transition are driven by complex social, economic and political factors.
Various studies have tried to explain forest transition, but the conclusiveness and predictive capacity of present forest transition theory, which would make it appropriate as a basis for forest policy formulation, remain limited. Countries show highly variable trends of forest decline and recovery. For instance, Japan and South Korea increased their forest covers in tandem with urbanization. In other countries, for instance, in China, India and Vietnam, forest covers have been increasing in the last decades, contributing to the reverse of global forest cover. In the Philippines and Indonesia, forest covers have only recently started to increase, or forest cover decline has begun to fall significantly.
While in the past forest transition was mainly caused by transformation of the agricultural sector, in modern days multiple forces are influencing this process, including a revaluation of forests contribution to society. As a result there are more incentives and pressures to restore or protect forests. These trends call for a better understanding of the conditions and mechanisms that reduce deforestation or lead to sustainable forest use and induce forest recovery. This international symposium reports on a collaborative project to analyze transition to sustainable forest management in nine Asian countries and exchange thoughts with forestry professionals and experts with special interest in this topic.
OBJECTIVES AND GUIDING QUESTIONS
The symposium aims to report key findings and recommendations of the collaborative research project: Transition to sustainable forest management and rehabilitation in nine Asian countries (China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, Laos, Malaysia, Philippines and Vietnam). In addition, it aims to provide a platform for sharing of information and exchanging experiences related to forest transition and progress to sustainable forest management in the Asia Pacific region. Guiding questions to be addressed at the symposium are the followings:
1. What have been the forest and tree cover dynamics in the nine countries that are part of the mentioned collaborative research project and in other countries in Asia or beyond?
2. What are the key explanatory factors that account for the observed forest and tree cover dynamics? In particular, what have been the roles of declining deforestation, expansion of the forest estate, progress towards sustainable forestry, and improvements in forest policies and governance?
3. What have been the underlying causes of declining deforestation, expansion of the forest estate, progress towards sustainable forest management and improvements in forest policies and governance?
4. What are the implications of the answers of these questions for national and region forest policies, forest based poverty alleviation, climate change mitigation and adaptation and shifts towards a green economy?
DATE, LOCATION AND ORGANIZATION
The symposium is scheduled to be held in Beijing, China, 21-23 October 2013, and organized by Renmin University of China, in collaboration with Seoul National University, South Korea and Kyoto University Japan. The symposium is supported by the Asia-Pacific Network for Sustainable Forest Management and Rehabilitation (APFNet) funded project on Transitions to Sustainable Forest Management and Rehabilitation in Asia-Pacific Region, being implemented by the Asia Pacific Association of Forestry Research Institutions (APAFRI), with technical support from Centre of Forest, Environment and Resource Policy Study of Renmin University of China. This symposium is also supported by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO).
International Workshop Transitions to Sustainable Forest Management and Rehabilitation in Asia-Pacific Region (Lokakarya Internasional III – Transisi Menuju Pengelolaan Hutan Lestari dan Rehabilitasi di Wilayah Asia Pasifik) Kuningan – Jawa Barat, Indonesia, 23-28 Februari 2013
Fakultas Kehutanan IPB bekerja sama dengan Asia Pacific Association of Forestry Research Institutions (APAFRI) pada bulan Juli 2012 telah menandatangani perjanjian kerjasama penelitian mengenai Comparative Analysis of Transitions to Sustainable Forest Management and Rehabilitation in Asia Pacific Region (Analisis Perbandingan Transisi Menuju Pengelolaan Hutan Lestari dan Rehabilitasi di Wilayah Asia Pasifik) yang didanai oleh the Asia-Pacific Network on Forest Rehabilitation and Sustainable Management (APFNet). Perjanjian kerjasama ini sebagai pelaksanaan dari Inception Meeting di Beijing (Cina), pada 6 November 2011 yang dilanjutkan dengan dengan International Workshop on Forestry Transition to Sustainable Forest Management and Rehabilitation (Lokakarya I), pada tanggal 10-11 November 2011.
Proyek penelitian ini bertujuan untuk memformulasikan model-model pengelompokkan dengan menggunakan data yang dikumpulkan dari sembilan Negara (Cina, Korea Selatan, Jepang, Indonesia, Malaysia, Filipina, Laos, Vietnam, dan India) yang mana Negara-negara tersebut telah mengalami peningkatan bersih tutupan hutan dan Negara-negara yang masih mengalami penurunan bersih tutupan hutan. Konsep dan teori ilmu-ilmu ekologi, ekonomi, sosial dan politik perlu digali untuk menjelaskan perubahan tutupan hutan dan kemungkinan perubahan kualitas hutan. Keluaran yng diharapkan dari proyek penelitian dua tahun ini termasuk informasi ringkas, panduan untuk praktisi, dan bahan-bahan untuk pendidikan dan pelatihan. Proyek penelitian ini dapat dianggap sukses jika berhasil menyumbangkan pengertian yang lebih baik mengenai antarhubungan berbagai factor yang menyumbang pada terjadinya transisi hutan dan menguatkan kapabilitas dan kapasitas dalam adaptasi transisi-transisi tersebut.
Inception Meeting di Beijing dilanjutkan dengan International Workshop on Forestry Transition to Sustainable Forest Management and Rehabilitation (Lokakarya I), pada tanggal 10-11 November 2011, yang telah mengumpulkan beberapa akademisi yang telah meneluti transisi hutan untuk berbagi dan bertukar informasi dan pengalaman tentang studi transisi hutan menuju pengelolaan hutan lestari dan rehabilitasi. Pertemuan dan lokakarya tersebut telah membantu dalam memperoleh ikhtisar yang baik tentang tujuan, pendekaan, isi penelitian utama, keluaran yang diharapkan, tata waktu, dan pengelolaan administrasi proyek penelitian yang didanai oleh APFNet. Kegiatan ini telah memuluskan jalan menuju diskusi lebih lanjut tentang detil-detil penelitian, termasuk pendekatan untuk studi kasus nasional dan analisis perbandingannya.
Lokakarya I dilanjutkan dengan Lokakarya Internasional II yang dilaksanakan di Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia dari 9 sampai 11 Juli 2012. Lokakarya Internasional II ini telah dengan sukses mencapai tujuannya dalam meningkatkan pengertian tentang teori dan pendekatan yang lengkap untuk studi transisi hutan, memformulasikan rencana kerja yang rinci untuk laporan Negara dan studi kasus di tiap Negara, dan berbagi pengalaman tentang studi transisi berbasis Negara.
Dalam rangka memutakhirkan informasi dan kemajuan laporan Negara dan studi transisi berbasis begara, Lokakarya Internasional III Transisi Menuju Pengelolaan Hutan Lestari dan Rehabilitasi di Wilayah Asia Pasifik akan dilaksanakan di Kuningan-Jawa Barat, Indonesia, dari 23 sampai 28 Februari 2013. Lokakarya Internasional III didesain dengan mengkombinasikan presentasi hasil penelitian dan kunjungan lapangan. Presentasi hasil penelitian akan dilaksanakan oleh perwakilan dari setiap Negara anggota, yang akan memutakhirkan informasi tentang laporan Negara dan hasil sementara studi-studi transisi berbasisi Negara. Kunjungan lapangan akan dilaksanakan ke desa-desa yang telah terpilih sebagai lokasi penelitian tim Indonesia. Desa-desa tersebut dipilih sebagai contoh desa-desa yang mengalami reforestasi dan deforestasi, baik di kawasan hutan maupun lahan milik.
Tujuan diadakannya Lokakarya III ini adalah:
(1) Memutakhirkan informasi tentang kemajuan persiapan dan studi kasus transisi
(2) Berbagi dan bertukar hasil sementara tentang studi kasus transisi
(3) Memformulasikan rencana untuk analisis dan perbandingan studi-studi, dan
(4) Mengusulkan dan merencanakan symposium akhir proyek.
Lokakarya Internasional III Transisi Menuju Pengelolaan Hutan Lestari dan Rehabilitasi di Wilayah Asia Pasifik akan dilaksanakan di:
Tirta Sanita Spa Resort,
Jl. Raya Panawuan No. 98, Sangkanhurip, Kuningan-West Java, Indonesia
Tel. +62-232-613061, 616071; Fax, +62-232-613079
Informasi lebih lanjut, dapat menghubungi:
Prof. Lilik Budi Prasetyo
Institut Pertanian Bogor (IPB), Bogor 16680, Indonesia
Tel: +62-8121335130; Fax: +62-251-8621947
E-mail: email@example.com (cc ke: firstname.lastname@example.org)
Northeast Asia region has been highlighted in terms of forest rehabilitation, and it is worth such as A/R CDM with forest carbon schemes exploring possibilities to connect reforestation and REDD+.
An international workshop for enhancing capacity development of East Asia Countries, including China, DPRK and Mongolia related to measurement, reporting, verification and monitoring of the change of deforestation and forest degradation, afforestation and forest rehabilitation (carbon shock change) was held by the Centre of Forestry and ResourcePolicy Study of Renmin University of China in collaboration with the FAO from 30 November to 2 December 2012, in Beijing, China. This training workshop provided knowledge of forestry inventory techniques, basic knowledge about remote sensing, biomass estimation, GIS, and China’s national inventory system,China’s research progress on biomass measurement,verification, reporting, and some experiences learnt in previous CDM field projects.
The participants from China, DPRK and Mongolia assessed their advantage and constraints to CDM and REDD+ implementation for their own country. While Danilo Mollicone (FAO) and Ellyn K. Damayanti (REDD+ Task Force Indonesia) shared basic knowledge on REDD+ and Indonesia’s experience on REDD+ to the participants.
Date: 30 November – 22 December 2012
Venue: Mingde Main Building, Renmin University of China
2011 International Workshop “Linking Biodiversity and Computer Vision Technology to Enhance Sustainable Utilization of Indonesian Tropical Medicinal Plants”
“Indonesian Tropical Medicinal Plants Diversity: Problems and Challenges in Identification”
By Prof. Ervizal A. M. Zuhud, Department of Forest Resources Conservation and Ecotourism, Faculty of Forestry, Bogor Agricultural University
“Plant Growth : Movement and Shape Development”
Prof. Stephane DOUADY, Department of Mathematics, University of Paris Diderot
“Computers Vision for Plant Identification”
Dr. Yeni Herdiyeni , Department of Computers Science, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Bogor Agricultural University
Toyib Hadiwijaya Building, Faculty of Agriculture, Bogor Agricultural University
Thursday, August 11, 2011; 08.30 – 15.15
For more information, please visit:
Medicinal Plants Cultural Diversity in Gunung Walat Educational Forest to Enhance Health Sovereignty and Payment of Environmental Services
Ellyn K. Damayanti, Agus Hikmat, Ervizal A. M. Zuhud, Lilik B. Prasetyo
Faculty of Forestry, Bogor Agricultural University
Gunung Walat Educational Forest (GWEF) is one of field laboratories of Bogor Agricultural University (IPB), Indonesia. Faculty of Forestry is the manager and has been searching some sustainable ways to manage the forest. Unfortunately, basic information on GWEF has been lacking, especially related to biological diversity resources. The research was aimed at supporting basic information of GWEF, especially on medicinal plant, and establishing a sustainable management of GWEF based on medicinal plants and mechanisms of reward for environmental services provided by surrounding communities.
The field research was conducted at Gunung Walat Educational Forest IPB from May to July 2002. Methods used were: (1) forest-floor vegetation analysis, (2) interview with surrounding community and stakeholders, and (3) Geographical Information System (GIS).
Gunung Walat Educational Forest is a 359 Ha-manmade forest, which consists of 6 major tree stands from genus Pinus, Acacia, Schima, Agathis, Swietenia, and Albizzia. The Forest-floor Vegetation Analysis resulted in 85 species of forest-floor vegetation, which belong to 46 families. Seventy species of them belong to medicinal plants. According to the interview with surrounding communities, there are 177 species of plants they use for medicines. Only 20 species are found in GWEF, but they utilize only 3 species from GWEF: Achasma megalocheilos Griff. for asthma, Costus speciosus (Koen.) J. E. Smith for rheumatism, diabetes, diuretic, etc., and Selaginella plana Hieron for treatment after giving birth. Interview with stakeholders: Manager of GWEF, Local Government Research and Planning Agency, Forestry Service, and Health Service of Sukabumi Regency, surrounding community, and visitors resulted in their opinion that GWEF must be conserved and best utilized as a sustainable tourism area. Mapping with GIS resulted in spatial distribution of medicinal plant in GWEF. Each stand has a specific relation with medicinal plant found. Pinus stand has the most various medicinal plants due to its large size 110.5 Ha.
Sustainable Management of GWEF based on medicinal plants is how to utilize medicinal plants in this area so that GWEF can increase their income and support their daily management, and how to involve surrounding community so they can gain benefit from the forest. There are 3 suggested activities: (1) cultivation of medicinal plants in GWEF by agroforestry system, (2) establishment of kampong conservation/conservation hamlets by introduction of medicinal plant’s home industry, and (3) promotion of eco-tourism as mechanisms of reward for environmental services.
Location for cultivation of medicinal plants are (1) in bare-land area of GWEF, about 22 Ha, for cultivation of Zingiber officinale Roxb., Curcuma domestica Val., and Alpinia galanga (L.) Swartz, and collection of Imperata cylindrica Ness.; and (2) in agroforestry area, about 100 Ha, for Amomum cardamomum L., Centella asiatica (L.) Urb., Piper betle L., Piper nigrum L., and Piper retrofractum Val. These species are chosen based on their ecological relation to GWEF, their medicinal values, demand of Indonesian Traditional Medicine Industries, and familiar to surrounding communities. Using medicinal plants have been planted by local communities, both from inside GWEF and from their surrounding houses, medicinal plants home industry can be initiated to promote utilization of medicinal plants for family health care and especially to generate local income. Eco-tourism is the most suggested activity in GWEF for its landscape, history, and functions. Medicinal plant knowledge and home industry wrapped in eco-tourism will become an interesting package of eco-tourism program in GWEF.
Eco-tourism is a type of mechanisms of rewards for environmental services provided by surrounding communities. In eco-tourism program, the agroforestry farmers who cultivate various species of medicinal and agricultural plants are identified as one of environmental services (ES) providers/sellers together with copal collectors, and the rest of surrounding communities. The beneficiaries/buyers of ES are the tourists. The manager of GWEF is the intermediary and with support from NGO and donor bodies, eco-tourism program as mechanism of rewards will benefit surrounding communities, so they will continue providing the ES and at the same time preserving, protecting, and conserving GWEF.